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Dr. Hanan A. Elsaie DDS,
one of America’s Top Dentists, Consumers’ Research Council of America, Guide to America’s Top Dentists

Dominion 1 Dental - Arlington, TX. Tel: (817) 784-7888




Home Dental Education

History of Dentistry - Important Dates

Dr. Hanan Elsaie is originally from Egypt. She moved to Canada and USA when she was a child.!!





Hesi-re (First Dentist)



Hieroglyphic

Hieroglyphic details, including eye and tusk symbols representing the dentistry profession, are chiseled on the entrance to tombs honoring three dentists who served the nobility of ancient Egypt. The chief dentist - Iy Mry - is pictured on the wall at left, in 4,200-year-old grave. Reference.



Hieroglyphic

Hieroglyphic picture, Egyptians have been producing toothpaste since 5000 . Reference. Not only did the archaeologists find toothpicks but they found toothpaste recipes dating way back. The best toothpaste recipe included: Rock Salt, Mint, Dried Iris Flower, and Grains of Pepper



Ancient Dentistry



5000 BC - There are several proofs that the Egyptians have been producing toothpaste since 5000 BC. They used to produce powder consisting of various ingredients available to them (burned eggshells and pumice). But nowadays we donít know the exact way to use such paste. We can only guess. 2900 BC- Ancient Egyptian doctors pioneered the specialization on tooth deceases as evidenced by lower jaw Egyptian fossils.

2700 BC- Chinese used to treat dental problems by means of needles.

1700 BC- Evidence of early dental knowledge dating back to 3700 BCE was found in the Ebers papyrus (ancient Egyptian papers).

1300 BC- Greek physician Aesculapius associated with earliest concept of diseased tooth extraction.

500 BC- Hippocrates and Aristotle wrote about ointments and heat-sterilized hot wire to treat oral deceases, and also about tooth extraction.

100 BC- Celsus, a roman medical writer, wrote many papers about mouth diseases and their treatment including the use of narcotic medicines in dental problems.



A glimpse of the future (1600 and 1700 s)



1685 - "The Operator for Teeth" was published, the first dental book by Charles Allen.

1728 - "The Surgeon Dentist" was published, a book that described the first vision of dentistry as a modern profession, by Pierre Fauchard.

1785 - John Greenwood, George Washington s dentist, proliferated knowledge about porcelain teeth.



The Enlightening 1800 s



1816 - Dental amalgam was developed in Paris by Auguste Taveau.

1839 - Vulcanized rubber was discovered by Charles Goodyear, leading to economical denture bases, formerly made of gold.

1840 - The first use of nitrous oxide as sedative by Dentist Horace Wells; also the first use of ether anesthesia by Dentist Thomas Morton; modern dentistry was invented by Horace Hayden and Chapin Harris, they also founded the first dental school (Baltimore College of Dental Surgery), made the dentistry as a degree, and founded the first dental society of the world (ASDA) which collaborated with the first dental journal proliferating dental knowledge in some parts of the world.

1870s - The filing for large cavities by means of baked porcelain took place.

1866 - The first woman to obtain DDS, Lucy Hobbs, graduated from Ohio College of Dental Surgery.

1871 - James Beall Morrison patented the first mechanized dental drill.

1890 - The microbial basis of dental cavities was first described in Germany by American dentist Willoughby Miller.

1895 - X-radiation was discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen; G.V. Black standardized both cavity preparation and manufacturing process of silver fillings.

1896 - Adaptation of Roentgen s new x-ray for dentistry by Edmund Kells; Dr. Washington Wentworth Sheffield introduced toothpaste tube.

Advancement of Science (1900 s)



1900s - Electricity was invented; dental offices began using electricity for some operation

1907 - the introduction of Novocaine into Dental offices in Us by Heinrich Braun; William McTaggart invented "lost wax" casting machine to make precision cast fillings to fill a cavity.

1926 - The Carnegie Foundation issued Gies Report, advising dental schools to become university based.

1929 - Penicillin was invented and later applied as antibiotic for dental infections.

1935 - The recognition of Vitamin C.

1939 - Dentures sent by mail were declared unlawful in the US.

1945 - First fluoridation of drinking water in Grand Rapids, MI.

1955 - The invention of white fillings by Michael Buonocore.

1957 - The invention of high speed pneumatic hand tool for drilling by John Borden.

1958 - First fully-reclining dental chair allowing more convenience in dental procedure was introduced.

1970 - Introduction of electric toothbrush in the US; four-handed" dentistry became commonplace, with dentist and assistant working together for speed and better efficiency.

1980 - Techniques for dental implants developed.

The 21st century



Dentistry included in comprehensive health care.

Relation between oral and overall health is being given more emphasis.

Gene-mediate Therapeutics or changing the genetic structure of teeth to preclude decay. Researchers are now looking for some possibilities in growing new tooth structure.

Computer technology helped in the diagnosis and treatment of dental diseases.

Community helps in the promotion of oral care.